1. Leo Brouwer Etudes
  2. Leo Brouwer Youtube
  3. Cancion De Cuna Leo Brouwer Youtube
  4. Leo Brouwer Estudios Sencillos
  5. Cancion De Cuna Leo Brouwer Guitar Youtube
Background information
Birth nameJuan Leovigildo Brouwer Mezquida
BornMarch 1, 1939 (age 80)
Havana, Cuba
GenresClassical, folk, aleatoric, atonal
Occupation(s)Musician, composer, conductor
Years active1967–present

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Juan Leovigildo Brouwer Mezquida (born March 1, 1939) is a Cubancomposer, conductor, and classical guitarist.

He is the grandson of Cuban composer Ernestina Lecuona y Casado.[1] His great-uncle, Ernesto Lecuona, composed 'La Malagueña' and his second cousin, Margarita Lecuona, composed 'Babalú', which was popularized by Cuban musician and actor Desi Arnaz.[2] He is a Member of Honour of the International Music Council.[3]

  • 1Music career

Music career[edit]

Early years[edit]

Brouwer was born in Havana. When he was 13, he began classical guitar with the encouragement of his father, who was an amateur guitarist. His teacher was Isaac Nicola, who was a student of Emilio Pujol, who was himself a student of Francisco Tárrega. At age 17 he performed publicly for the first time and began composing.[4]

Brouwer went to the United States to study music at the Hartt College of Music of the University of Hartford, and later at the Juilliard School,[4] where he studied under Vincent Persichetti and took composition classes with Stefan Wolpe.

In 1970 Brouwer played in the premiere of El Cimarrón by Hans Werner Henze in Berlin. Together with Morton Feldman, he was awarded a 1972 scholarship by the DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service) and to work as a guest composer and lecturer at the Academy of Science and Arts of Berlin. In Germany Brouwer also recorded a number of LPs for Deutsche Grammophon.[5][6][7]

Composing and performing[edit]

In his early compositions, Brouwer remained close to the rhythms of Cuban music, while later he was drawn to aleatoric music. During the 1960s and 70s, he became interested in the music of modernist composers such as Luigi Nono and Iannis Xenakis, using indeterminacy in works such as Sonograma I. Other works from this period include the guitar pieces Canticum (1968), La espiral eterna (1971), Parábola (1973) and Tarantos (1974). More recently, Brouwer's works have leaned towards tonality and modality. The solo guitar works El Decamerón Negro (1981), Paisaje cubano con campanas (1986), and the Sonata (1990; for Julian Bream) exemplify this tendency. His playing career ended in the early 1980s due to an injury to a tendon in his right hand middle finger.[8][9]

Brouwer has written for guitar, piano, and percussion, and has composed orchestral works, ballet, and music for over one hundred movies, including the film Like Water for Chocolate.[2] For a guitar competition in Hungary in 1979, he wrote a composition that employed 200 guitarists. He is known for a series of studies called the Etudes Simples.[4] Brouwer has also transcribed Beatles songs for classical guitar.[2]

He has performed and recorded works by Sylvano Bussotti, Hans Werner Henze, Maurice Ohana, Cristóbal Halffter, Leni Alexander, Cornelius Cardew, and Heitor Villa-Lobos.[10]

Other activities[edit]

He has been a conductor for many symphony orchestras, including the BBC Concert Orchestra, the Berlin Philharmonic, and the Cordoba Symphony in Spain.[4]

Leo Brouwer Etudes

Brouwer is involved in the Concurso y Festival Internacional de Guitarra de la Habana (Havana International Guitar Festival and Competition). He frequently travels to attend guitar festivals throughout the world, and especially to other Latin American countries.[11]

Brouwer is a member of the Communist Party of Cuba, and has held a number of official posts in Cuba, including with the music department of the Cuban Institute of Cinematographic Art and Industry.

Brouwer is the great-uncle of Al Jourgensen of Ministry fame. Brouwer is the brother of Jourgensen's maternal grandfather.[12]

Selected Compositions[edit]

Chamber and Solo Instrumental

  • 2009 Mitología de las Aguas (Sonata No. 1 for flute and guitar)
Cancion De Cuna Leo Brouwer Pdf Writer

Film Scores

Leo Brouwer Youtube

  • 1968: Lucía
  • 1992: Like Water for Chocolate (film)


  1. ^Sadie, Julie Anne; Samuel, Rhian (1994). The Norton/Grove dictionary of women composers(Digitized online by GoogleBooks). Retrieved 4 October 2010.
  2. ^ abcBergeron, Kathleen A. (28 September 2016). 'Letter from Havana: Leo Brouwer, the Rolling Stones, and the Cuban Guitar Scene'. Classical Guitar. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  3. ^http://www.imc-cim.org/members/members-of-honour.html
  4. ^ abcdWhitesel, Tod. 'Leo Brouwer Biography & History AllMusic'. AllMusic. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  5. ^LP: Hans Werner Henze – El Cimarrón (CD reissueArchived 2008-05-23 at the Wayback Machine)
  6. ^LP: Debut – Leo Brouwer, Gitarre (CD reissue of the modern works)
  7. ^LP: Musique Contemporaine pour guitareArchived 2008-04-22 at the Wayback Machine (CD reissue)
  8. ^Leo Brouwer Artist Profile/Interview
  9. ^Clive Kronenberg on Leo Brouwer
  10. ^RaraArchived 2011-04-24 at the Wayback Machine Recording by Leo Brouwer
  11. ^Brouwer, Leo; Hdez, Hernández; Carmona, Nisleidys Flores (2004). Leo Brouwer: gajes del oficio.
  12. ^http://www.wnyc.org/story/309683-ministry-lost-gospels-according-al-jourgensen/
  • Andy Daly, Leo Brouwer. Music Web International, accessed June 9, 2011
  • Brouwer, Leo; Hdez, Hernández; Carmona, Nisleidys Flores (2004). Leo Brouwer: gajes del oficio.
  • Hernández, Isabelle (2000). Leo Brouwer. Havana: Editora Musical de Cuba. ISBN959-7153-01-7.

Further reading[edit]


  • Hablar con Leo(in Spanish)
  • 'Let Us Play for Our Children'Guitar magazine
  • Hombre que juega Pedro de la Hoz, 2004 (Granma) (in Spanish)
  • El Decameron Negro by Arnaud Dumond(in French)


  • 12Entretiens avec Leo Brouwer by Arnaud Dumond, Françoise-Emmanuelle Denis (in French)
  • An Interview With Leo Brouwer by Constance McKenna, 1988
  • Leo Brouwer Artist Profile/Interview Classical Guitar Alive! (audio recording recovered from the Internet Archive)


  • Leo Brouwer–Irakere (1978), written and directed by Jose Padron
  • Leo Brouwer (2000), written and directed by Jose Padron

External links[edit]

Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leo_Brouwer&oldid=910990329'

Cuban composer Leo Brouwer has been strongly identified with the guitar throughout his career. While his style often divulged folk influences -- especially early in his career -- it was generally individual, even though Afro-Cuban elements still seeped into it. Probably inspired by Canción de Cuna (Cradle Song) by Federico Garcia Lorca (1898-1936), Spanish poet and dramatist, this Berceuse has a lullaby-like manner in its gentle, serene theme.

Cancion De Cuna Leo Brouwer Youtube


Leo Brouwer Estudios Sencillos

It opens with a pizzicato rhythmic idea, after which a simple but lovely theme is introduced, really a more developed version of the rhythmic motif. It is somewhat restricted in its range and has a rocking, soothing character in its unhurried gait. The opening material returns and, in fact, alternates with the main theme throughout. A brief second subject, which begins with a lively ascending run, appears twice to offer imaginative contrast while not actually breaking the dreamy mood. The piece ends quietly with the gentle rhythmic motif having the last say. Lasting nearly four minutes, this beautiful work must be counted as at least a minor masterpiece in the guitar literature.

Cancion De Cuna Leo Brouwer Guitar Youtube

Appears On

YearTitleLabelCatalog #
2016 Warner Classics 556481
2016 Warner Classics 0825646453993
2015 Deutsche Grammophon 002894795229
2014 Warner Classics 2564624364
2012 Decca 4783655
2012 Acqua Records AQ 322
2012 Square One SQ 1021201
2012 Delira Musica 7898945569170
2011 Naxos 8572527
2011 Sarabande Records SARACD001
2011 La Ma De Guido LMG 2103
2010 Natural Studio NSRCD 016
2009 Highscore / Zebralution
2007 Universal Classics & Jazz
2007 Decca
2007 Universal Classics & Jazz
2006 Marcus Dunleavy
2006 Aaron Larget-Caplan 12051
2005 Deutsche Grammophon 000400402
2005 Deutsche Grammophon
2005 Orchard 103486
2005 EMI Music Distribution 46809
2004 Eroica Distribution 3256
2004 Naxos 8555887
2004 Decca
2004 London/Decca / Decca 2503
2003 Deutsche Grammophon 474174
2002 Egrem 101
2002 Egrem 0447
2002 Egrem 8001
2002 Archer Records 1919
2000 Ricercar 240472
1999 Opera Tres 1031
1999 Frame 9623
1999 Deutsche Grammophon 4591382
1998 Dorian 80159
1998 Naxos 553630
1997 Teldec 19899
1997 EMI Music Distribution 5665762
1997 Arrow Records 70001
1995 Syrinx Record 94106
1994 Koch Schwann 311742
1994 Klavier Records 11028
1993 Centaur Records 2155
EMI Music Distribution 556578
GSP Recordings 2207
Chiron Records 4855
Jaime Guiscafre 000
Walsingham 8031